of this route refers to a wide border territory that extends to the
west of the province of Salamanca. The defense of such areas motivated
the construction of a series of fortified towns.
The architectural characteristics of these fortresses are those of the
that developed in Europe in the XVII and XVIII centuries as a suitable
defensive model for cities, enclaves and fortified towns.
San Felices and el Castro de Yecla
Start your itinerary in Ciudad
Rodrigo around San
Felices de los Gallegos (historical
town) where the remains of a medieval fortress are located. Later you
will come to castro de Yecla
de Yeltes, where you will encounter
a splendid defensive construction from the Iron Age.
Siega Verde and el Fuerte
To continue the route you will need to return south toward Villar
de la Yegua and Villar
de Ciervo. We soon arrive at
the river Águeda and a recommended stop at the Archaeological
Site of Siega Verde where we
encounter magnificent paleolithic cave paintings and there is a classroom-museum.
The jewel of the route is located in Aldea
del Obispo, maybe the best
example of fortified military architecture of the western part of the
peninsula: el Fuerte de la Concepción
(Fortress of the Conception). This defensive complex of the XVII and
XVIII centuries displays in its different parts all the beauty and strength
that allowed it to withstand conflicts with neighbouring Portuguese
and French invaders.
Almeida and Ciudad Rodrigo
A road from the neighbouring Val de la Mula will take us to Almeida
(Portugal). There you will find another excellent example of this type
of fortified structure in a perfect state of conservation and integrated
in the life and culture of its residents.
After your visit you may choose to return to Ciudad
Rodrigo (historical town),
by road N-620 (E-80) and conclude the route by visiting the city. Walk
along the city walls and enjoy the moats, bridges, etc. A good place
to finish your visit is the Centre
of Interpretation of the Fortresses
located at one of the guard posts. It would be an excellent way to top
off the itinerary.